Best Wave Maker & Powerhead For Aquariums Reviewed in 2020

Water movement is critical to running a successful reef aquarium.

Your corals, fish and other reef invertebrates depend on water currents in order to thrive and live a healthy life.

Maximizing the water flow in your aquarium is important and setting up a wave maker is a great way to do it.

Used to help simulate the natural currents of the ocean, wave makers will give you greater control over your marine ecosystem, making it easier to maintain a successful reef tank.

In this article, we’ll discuss how you can effectively choose the best wave maker for your setup, and then, at the end, I’ll share individual product reviews with you so you can find what you need.

Quickview: Top Pick For Aquarium Wave Makers

Overall, the best aquariuum wave maker is the Tunze 6055, but if you’re running a nano tank, the IceCap 2k would be the best pick for you.

Tunze 6055.000 Nano Stream with 7090.500 Controller
Tunze 6055.000 Nano Stream with 7090.500 Controller

    Last update on 2020-10-21 / Commissions Earned / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

    Gyre Icecap 2K Flow Pump w/Dual Controller
    Gyre Icecap 2K Flow Pump w/Dual Controller

      Last update on 2020-10-21 / Commissions Earned / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

      The Benefits of Aquarium Wave Makers

      Water movement.

      Wave makers allow you to provide sufficient water movement. And it’s the benefits of water movement you want in your reef environment.

      Improves Gas Exchange

      Have you ever been stuck in a hot, stuffy room and a breeze of cool fresh air whips into the room? Feels great, right?

      That’s how water movement feels to your aquatic buddies.

      Water movement supplements gas exchange by moving dissolved gases around you tank, stopping them from settling in one area (known as “dead spots”).

      Take carbon dioxide as an example.

      It’s by-product in your tank, and gases like nitrogen, methane, and sulfur are produced as bacteria consumes these by-products.

      Wave makers provide water movement, transporting these unwanted gases into your main water column–releasing them from your tanks environment.

      When you have water movement, more water comes into contact with the surface where gas exchange takes place.

      This means oxygen-poor water near the bottom of your aquarium is pulled to the surface where the oxygen levels are improved.

      You reduce harmful gases and improve oxygen levels.

      Optimizes Your Filtration

      Wave makers will circulate your tanks water–transporting more waste materials to your filter.

      Moving water will stop waste materials like poop or left over food from settling into hard to reach areas where they might rot and release ammonia.

      And if you own a reef tank, it’s likely your corals and other sessile organisms will rely on water movement in order to wash away waste materials.

      Without it, you may experience a build up of toxins, mucus, and other organic chemicals that will decrease your aquariums water quality.

      Even if you have the most advanced filtration system, you’ll improve the efficiency will a good wave maker.

      Your Aquatic Friends Benefit From a Workout

      You own an enclosed ecosystem. And like most aquarists, your home aquarium doesn’t always have enough room to encourage active swimming.

      Which is where a wave maker can really help.

      Increasing your water movement will give your aquatic pets a workout.

      They’ll be able to swim against or through moving water, encouraging better growth and muscle development. This physical activity can further improve your fishes health by aiding their digestion and metabolism.

      If you own tropical fish, which have evolved for life in fast-moving water, recreating their natural water movement can encourage them to display natural behaviors and improve their coloration.

      Keeps Your Tank’s Temperature Even

      Good water movement will maintain an even temperature throughout your aquarium. Without it, you’ll experience zones similar to “dead spots”.

      Except, instead of organic debri, you’ll have warm and cold areas on your tank. Circulating your tank’s water will prevent this by distributing heat to all areas of your aquarium.

      Transports Food and Nutrients

      Coral being lazy sitting on a couch waiting for food to come

      I’m sorry to tell you, but your corals are lazy–couch potatoes, in fact.

      They don’t like to move a lot, which means they depend on water movement in your aquarium to bring them their meals.

      A Wave Maker or Powerhead? What’s the Difference?

      When building your reef tank, you’ve probably come across the terms submersible pump, powerhead, circulation pump, and wave maker when looking into water movement.

      It can get confusing. So before we get into how you can choose one, it’s best you have a clear understanding on what is it.

      Wave makers are specialized water pumps. Combining low-pressure/high-volume water pumps with digital controls so you can regulate your pump’s flow.

      It’s essential a controllable system of powerheads/submersible pumps, allowing you to achieve a more natural ocean environment.

      You see, unlike rivers, ocean reefs have turbulent water conditions.

      Where powerheads provide a consistent narrow stream of water movement (ideal for freshwater tanks), wave makers have been developed to meet the needs of reef environments by imitating the change of ocean currents.

      Your wave maker works as an electrical timing device: controlling multiple powerheads, turning them on and off at predetermined times.

      Controlling powerheads in different locations, you’re able to mimic the natural currents in a wild reef environment.

      Some wave makers allow you to mimic night and day time currents, as well as the length of time each powerhead runs so you can simulate different wave actions in your aquarium.

      Water flow is critical in reef tanks, so let’s look at how you can effectively choose a wave maker for your current setup.

      How to Choose the Best Wave Maker for your Aquarium

      Now you have a clearer understanding on the benefits and the difference between wave makers and powerheads, I want to discuss how you can effectively choose one for your reef tank.

      How Big is Your Tank and What’s Inside?

      This is the first thing you need to consider.

      When looking at the size of the powerheads in a wave maker system, you must take into consideration the size of your tank and the type of corals you keep (or plan to keep).

      If you want to keep Soft Corals and LPS, you should aim to achieve a total tank turnover of 10-20 times per hour.

      Measured in GPH (gallons per hour), total tank turnover is how many times the water in your aquarium is circulated every hour.

      If you’re keeping SPS corals, you should aim for 20-40 times per hour.

      Here’s an example:

      If you have a 30 gallon reef tank that’s predominantly LPS, you should aim to have an internal flow rate of 300-600 GPH. If It’s 30 gallons and SPS dominant, you’d need a flow rate of 600-1200 GPH.

      Tank Placement

      As soon as you know how much flow you need in your aquarium, you need to think about where you’ll place your pumps.

      You goal here is to have good water movement in every inch of your aquarium so you don’t experience “dead spots”.

      Depending on the shape of your aquarium and aquascape, it’s usually smart to purchase multiple smaller powerheads with your wave maker over a single large one.

      Using multiple smaller pumps, you’re able to position each one to maximise the water movement in your aquarium without kicking up a storm.

      It’ll also be easier for you to adjust your pumps to perfect flow or if it needs changing.

      And as your tank matures, your corals will grow and you’ll add new ones. So you’ll need to eventually redirect your water flow to accommodate any changes.

      Having multiple powerheads with your wave maker offers you more room for change and creativity.

      You might find your reef environment benefits from different types of powerheads. If you see you’re still having problem areas, you can simply add a smaller powerhead to target them.

      Sound Levels

      One of the biggest issues in the hobby is noise coming from all the equipment you need to use. It can become very annoying if you keep your aquarium in your room or communal areas.

      When you’re looking for wave makers and powerheads, be sure to check out previous reviews on how loud the product was. You want something that has quiet operation.

      The Mount

      Different wave makers will have different mount styles and will fit different thickness of glass/acrylic.

      Be sure to check the thickness of your tank before purchasing your wave maker.

      You’ll also want to consider the style of mount. My pet peeve in this hobby is suction cups. I find they always lose suction quickly and become useless. I recommend looking for wave makers using magnet mounts.

      In my opinion, a magnetic mount is a must-have.

      Adjustability/Control

      Look for an aquarium wave maker that comes with an adjustable flow so you have more control over your water circulation.

      Getting the right flow in your aquarium can take a few attempts, so it’s always best to look for an aquarium wave maker you can easily adjust: not just the flow, but also placement in your tank.

      And you should check to see how many pumps can be synced up to the controller. The more pumps you can sync, the easier it will be for you to ensure you can sufficient flow throughout your ecosystem.

      Compatibility

      Aquarium wave makers commonly come with two separate parts: the pump (powerhead) and controller. If you’re new, I recommend getting one with a pump included.

      However, you can purchase them separately. You’ll just need to make sure the controller is compatible with the pump.

      The Best Wave Makers Reviewed

      Now you have a much better understanding on wave makers and how to choose one, you can use the following product reviews to make an informed buying decision.

      1. Maxspect Gyre XF230 Series with Advanced Controller

      • Flow Rate: 2100-2300 GPH
      • Pump included: One
      • Ideal for Aquariums: 25 -100 gal.
      • Mounts up to: 1/2″ thick acrylic/glass

      Released a few years ago, Maxspect revolutionized the hobby when they released the Gyre wave maker. And yes, it really does live up to its tag line “no water left unturned”.

      The XF230 is ideal if you own an aquarium under 100 gallons. If you have a larger reef tank, you’d need to go for it’s big brother: the XF250.

      Unlike traditional powerheads and wave makers, which are based on propeller nozzle flow technology, the Maxspect Gyre uses crossflow technology. It creates outstanding horizontal water movement–leaving no dead spots.

      And the advanced controller is a joy to behold.

      You’re able to sync two pumps to the one intuitive controller without having to connect them to a 3rd party controller.

      Far superior to the previous generation, you’ll be able to fully customize your flow with 20+ advanced features. Including flow cycles, water movements, and link-up methods.

      It’s true, this wave maker isn’t cheap, but, that’s because you’re getting one of the most advanced, energy efficient, and reliable wave makers available today.

      Zomma Maxspect Gyre XF-230 Kit - Aquarium Pump & Controller
      Zomma Maxspect Gyre XF-230 Kit - Aquarium Pump & Controller

        Last update on 2020-10-21 / Commissions Earned / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

        2. Current USA eFlux Wave Pump Kit

        • Flow Rate: 660, 1050 or 2100 GPH
        • Pump included: One
        • Ideal for Aquariums: 40 gal./ 70 gal./ 125 gal.
        • Mounts up to: 0.375”/ 0.5”/ 0.625” thick glass/acrylic depending on model

        This kit offers a complete system that includes a pump, controller capable of running two additional pumps (sold separately) and a remote control. 

        Thick silicone pads on the magnetic mounting brackets help absorb vibration for near silent running.

        These pumps might be small, but they pack a big punch nonetheless. USA Current offers a choice between three pump strengths 660, 1050 or 2100 GPH. 

        The pump also comes with a sponge pre-filter that can help keep debris and wayward snails out of the motor.

        You can program in several different modes so you can customize flow throughout the day. There is an LED display that lets you know what mode is running and gives you a readout on the current GPH.

        Don’t be fooled by the small size of these pumps. They’re still plenty powerful and can really add some major flow to your tank.

        Current USA 6000 660 GPH eFlux Wave Pump Kit
        Current USA 6000 660 GPH eFlux Wave Pump Kit

          Last update on 2020-10-21 / Commissions Earned / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

          3. IceCap 4K Gyre Flow Pump

          • Flow Rate:  2350 GPH
          • Pump included: One
          • Ideal for Aquariums:  50-100 gal.
          • Mounts up to:  ½” thick glass/acrylic

          Maxspect Gyre pumps rely on strong horizontal movement instead of the directional flow nozzles used by other wave makers. This massive crossflow eliminates dead spots in the aquarium.

          The pump can be placed either horizontally, to create a flow across the top of the tank and back along the bottom, or vertically to create a current that wraps around the sides of the aquarium.

          This kit also included flow directors that allow you to adjust the angle of the water movement for optimal current in your tank.

          A mounting bracket for the controller is included so that you can keep it out of sight on the back of your tank stand.

          You have the option to choose between five different water movement modes, as well as engage a feeding mode that will turn the pumps down to keep food from being swept away.

          This kit isn’t the most sophisticated one out there, but it still gives you a lot of options with the different preset modes on the controller.

          Maxspect XF330 Gyre Pump and Controller Package Wavemaker
          Maxspect XF330 Gyre Pump and Controller Package Wavemaker

            Last update on 2020-10-21 / Commissions Earned / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

            4. Gyre Icecap 2K Flow Pump w/Dual Controller

            • Flow Rate: 1000 GPH
            • Pump included: One
            • Ideal for Aquariums: 20 – 50 gal.
            • Mounts up to: 1/2″ thick glass/acrylic

            IceCap has improved on their 1K gyre pumps with this new generation, the 2K pumps, making them more powerful and easier to program.

            This kit features a controller that can hook into Wi-Fi so you can program and monitor your pumps through an app on your mobile device.

            You can easily configure your pumps and then upload those settings to the cloud in case of power outages or human error (yeah, that’s what would probably happen to me). 

            The controller can power a second pump (sold separately) and is compatible with any generation of IceCap pump.

            An elongated design lets you mount the pump either horizontally or vertically, depending on your needs.

            This wave maker has all the most modern bells and whistles that will let you fine tune the water current in your tank.

            Gyre Icecap 2K Flow Pump w/Dual Controller
            Gyre Icecap 2K Flow Pump w/Dual Controller

              Last update on 2020-10-21 / Commissions Earned / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

              5. Hydor Smart Wave Circulation Pump Controller

              • Flow Rate: N/A
              • Pump included: No
              • Ideal for Aquariums: N/A
              • Mounts up to: N/A

              Sharp looking and has an excellent built-quality, the Smart Wave is designed to make it as simple as possible for you to control your water movement.

              If you’re new, and not looking for anything too high-tech, this might be the one for you.

              The kit doesn’t include any powerhead, but what you do get is a controller that provides you with the basics of water movement control.

              With simple on/off switches, you’re able to sync one or more pumps on two separate channels or run them alternatively.

              And you can then hook it up with an automatic feeder for up to two feeder per day by selecting feeding mode.

              It’s easy to install, and the water resistant body provides you with more options with where to mount it.

              Like I said, there’s nothing particularly eye-catching with this controller. What it does, it does well, and at a very reasonable price. But if your budget allows it, I would go for a different option.

              Sale
              Hydor Smart Wave Circulation Pump Controller
              Hydor Smart Wave Circulation Pump Controller

                Last update on 2020-10-21 / Commissions Earned / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

                6. Tunze Turbelle NanoStream 6055

                • Flow Rate: 250 – 1450 GPH
                • Pump included: One
                • Ideal for Aquariums: 10-135 gal.
                • Mounts up to: 1/2″ thick glass/acrylic

                If you’ve got a 100+ gallon tank, this is probably the best pound for pound wave maker available. With the ability to push a ton of water, it’s practically silent when running full blast.

                Constructed with an “intelligent pump”, the electric motor automatically adapts its speed to ensure it’s as efficient as possible–using approximately 50% less power than conventional pump motors.

                The unique 3D (360 degrees) adjustability feature on the powerheads gives you more room for creativity when directing the flow in your aquarium.

                It’s not as feature rich as some of the others we’ve discussed, but the controller has great functionality. Easy to use knobs let you customize flow rates and tidal movements.

                If you’re looking for a dead silent, reliable wave maker which can push a ton of water, but you don’t require a ton of features, consider the Tunze 6055. There’s a reason their motto is, “quality and reliability”.

                Tunze 6055.000 Nano Stream with 7090.500 Controller
                Tunze 6055.000 Nano Stream with 7090.500 Controller

                  Last update on 2020-10-21 / Commissions Earned / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

                  The Best Aquarium Wave Maker

                  I have two favorites: the Tunze 6055 and the IceCap 2k.

                  If you’re running a large aquarium, you can’t go wrong with the Tunze. The product oozes quality, and yes, you don’t get as many features as other, but it does what you need it to do, and does it very well–silently.

                  And then with IceCap releasing the 2k, you can’t ignore this one if you’re running a nano tank. It’s so affordable and offers you some outstanding features, including the desired gyre flow.

                  Overall, the best aquariuum wave maker is the Tunze 6055, but if you’re running a nano tank, the IceCap 2k would be the best pick for you.

                  Tunze 6055.000 Nano Stream with 7090.500 Controller
                  Tunze 6055.000 Nano Stream with 7090.500 Controller

                    Last update on 2020-10-21 / Commissions Earned / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

                    Gyre Icecap 2K Flow Pump w/Dual Controller
                    Gyre Icecap 2K Flow Pump w/Dual Controller

                      Last update on 2020-10-21 / Commissions Earned / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

                      Leave a Comment

                      This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.